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Sulphuric Acid on the WebTM Technical Manual DKL Engineering, Inc.

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Sulphuric Acid on the Web

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Instrumentation - Opacity
June 4, 2004

Introduction
Principle of Operation
Instruments
Associated Links

Stacks


Introduction

Transmissometers are typically installed to meet the requirements of pollution control agencies.  Opacity data can also be related to process performance.  Data can be used to indicate a need for maintenance or repair, and also serve as a rough indicator of combustion efficiency.  Transmissometers can detect broken bags in baghouses; they can time rapping or flushing cycles for electrostatic precipitators and detect effectiveness of injecting flue gas conditioning agents to improve ESP performance.

Principle of Operation

Transmissometers - A beam of light is transmitted across the process gas to a retroreflector, which in turn reflects the light beam back to the transceiver's multiple lens optical system.  A detector converts the light into a voltage that can be processed along with three other voltages developed from ambient light, lamp, and dark measurements.

Instruments

Manufacturer Type Range Model No. Remarks
Rosemount Transmissometer Continuously adjustable OPM 2000 Meets EPA design and requirement requirements as specified in 40 CFR 60, Appendix B, Performance Specification 1.
Accuracy: ± 2% opacity
Electrical: 600 W transceiver enclosure
               400 W retroflector enclosure
                50 W control room unit
SICK Light Absorption   GM 30